serve

serve
serve
A n Sport service m ; it's my serve à moi de servir ; to have a big serve avoir un très bon service.
B vtr
1 (work for) servir [God, King, country, community, cause, ideal, public, company] ; travailler au service de [employer, family] ; to serve sb/sth well rendre de grands services à qn/qch ; to serve two masters fig servir deux maîtres à la fois ;
2 (attend to customers) servir ; are you being serveed? on vous sert? ;
3 Culin servir [client, guest, meal, dish] ; to serve sb with sth servir qch à qn ; let me serve you some beef laissez-moi vous servir du bœuf ; lunch is served le déjeuner est servi ; we can't serve them chicken again! nous ne pouvons pas leur resservir du poulet! ; serve it with a salad servez-le avec une salade ; serve hot servir chaud ; serves four (in recipe) pour quatre personnes ;
4 (provide facility) [public utility, power station, reservoir] alimenter ; [public transport, library, hospital] desservir [area, community] ; the area is well/poorly served with transport la région est bien/mal desservie par les transports ; the area is well served with shops le quartier est très commerçant ;
5 (satisfy) servir [interests] ; satisfaire [needs] ;
6 (function) être utile à ; this old pen/my sense of direction has served me well ce vieux stylo/mon sens de l'orientation m'a été très utile ; he has been badly served by his advisers ses conseillers ne lui ont pas été très utiles ; if my memory serves me well si j'ai bonne mémoire ; to serve sb as sth servir de qch à qn ; the table serves me as a desk la table me sert de bureau ; to serve a purpose ou function être utile ; to serve no useful purpose ne servir à rien ; what purpose is served by separating them? à quoi sert de les séparer? ; having served its purpose, the committee was disbanded ayant rempli son rôle, la commission a été dissoute ; to serve the ou sb's purpose faire l'affaire ; this map will serve the ou my purpose cette carte fera l'affaire ;
7 (spend time) to serve a term Pol remplir un mandat ; to serve one's time (in army) faire son temps de service ; (in prison) purger sa peine ; to serve a sentence purger une peine (de prison) ; to serve five years faire cinq ans de prison ;
8 Jur délivrer [injunction] (on sb à qn) ; to serve a writ signifier une assignation ; to serve a writ on sb, to serve sb with a writ assigner qn en justice ; to serve a summons signifier une citation ; to serve a summons on sb, to serve sb with a summons citer qn à comparaître ; to serve notice of sth on sb Jur, fig signifier qch à qn ;
9 Sport servir [ball, ace] ;
10 (mate with) couvrir, saillir [cow, mare].
C vi
1 (in shop, church) servir ; (at table) faire le service ;
2 (on committee, in government) exercer ses fonctions (as de) ; members serve for two years les membres exercent leurs fonctions pendant deux ans ; she's serving as general secretary elle exerce la fonction or les fonctions de secrétaire général ; to serve on être membre de [committee, board, jury] ;
3 Mil servir (as comme ; under sous) ; to serve in ou with a regiment servir dans un régiment ; I served with him j'étais dans l'armée avec lui ;
4 (meet a need) faire l'affaire ; any excuse will serve n'importe quelle excuse fera l'affaire ; to serve as sth servir de qch ; this room serves as a spare bedroom cette pièce sert de chambre d'ami ; this should serve as a warning cela devrait nous servir d'avertissement ; the photo served as a reminder to me of the holidays la photo me rappelait les vacances ; to serve to do servir à faire ; it serves to show that… cela sert à montrer que… ;
5 Sport servir (for pour) ; Conti to serve au service, Conti.
Idioms
it serves you right! ça t'apprendra! ; it serves him right for being so careless! ça lui apprendra à être si négligent!
Phrasal verbs
serve out :
serve out [sth], serve [sth] out
1 Culin servir [meal, food] (to à) ; distribuer [rations, provisions] ;
2 (finish) finir [term of duty] ; purger [prison sentence].
serve up Culin servir ;
serve up [sth], serve [sth] up
1 Culin servir ; to serve sth up again resservir qch ;
2 fig, pej resservir [fashion, idea, programme, policy] ; donner [excuse].

Big English-French dictionary. 2003.

Regardez d'autres dictionnaires:

  • Serve — Serve, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Served}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Serving}.] [OE. serven, servien, OF. & F. servir, fr. L. servire; akin to servus a servant or slave, servare to protect, preserve, observe; cf. Zend har to protect, haurva protecting. Cf.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • serve — → serf ● serf, serve adjectif (latin servus, esclave) Relatif à l état des serfs : Des hommes de condition serve. Littéraire. Qui fait preuve d une soumission complète à l égard d autrui. ● serf, serve (homonymes) adjectif (latin servus, esclave) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • serve — [sɜːv ǁ sɜːrv] verb 1. [transitive] COMMERCE to supply customers with a particular product or service or with something they need: • The firm plans to open a London office to serve clients with investments and businesses in Europe. • JAL Group… …   Financial and business terms

  • serve — [sʉrv] vt. served, serving [ME serven < OFr servir < L servire, to serve < servus, servant, slave: see SERF] 1. to work for as a servant 2. a) to do services or duties for; give service to; aid; assist; help b) to give obedience and… …   English World dictionary

  • serve — vt served, serv·ing 1: to deliver, publish, or execute (notice or process) as required by law no notice of any such request was ever served on the husband National Law Journal 2: to make legal service upon (the person named in a process): inform… …   Law dictionary

  • serve — late 12c., to render habitual obedience to, from O.Fr. servir to serve, from L. servire to serve, originally be a slave, related to servus slave, perhaps from an Etruscan word (Cf. Etruscan proper names Servi, Serve). Meaning to attend to (a… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Serve — Serve, v. i. 1. To be a servant or a slave; to be employed in labor or other business for another; to be in subjection or bondage; to render menial service. [1913 Webster] The Lord shall give thee rest . . . from the hard bondage wherein thou… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • serve — ► VERB 1) perform duties or services for. 2) be employed as a member of the armed forces. 3) spend (a period) in office, in an apprenticeship, or in prison. 4) present food or drink to. 5) attend to (a customer in a shop). 6) be of use in… …   English terms dictionary

  • serve — [v1] aid, help; supply arrange, assist, attend to, be of assistance, be of use, care for, deal, deliver, dish up*, distribute, do for, give, handle, hit, minister to, nurse, oblige, play, present, provide, provision, set out, succor, wait on,… …   New thesaurus

  • Serve — may refer to: * Serve (tennis) * Secure Electronic Registration and Voting Experiment * Providing a non material good, as in the work of a servant * Supplying customers with food and drink, as in the work of a food server * Delivering a legal or… …   Wikipedia

  • serve up — (something) to offer something. The TV miniseries will be serving up five hour long programs. Hitchcock served up a pitch that Perez hit over the fence for a home run. Filmgoers demand realism, and Lee serves it up without flash or tricks in his… …   New idioms dictionary

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